- Tupakan tuotantoketju
- Tupakan elinkaaren ympäristöjalanjälki
- Tupakan ympäristöjalanjäljen mittasuhteet
- Ympäristöllinen epäoikeudenmukaisuus
- Mahdollisuudet vähentää vaikutuksia
Every stage from tobacco cultivation and curing, to cigarette manufacturing, distribution, consumption and discarding in the global tobacco supply chain involves considerable resource inputs, and results in the production of wastes and emissions.
”This overview opens the lid on a Pandora’s Box containing the quieter but shockingly widespread impacts of tobacco from an environmental perspective. The tobacco industry damages the environment in ways that go far beyond the effects of the smoke that cigarettes put into the air.”
This report demonstrates that declining returns and growing business threats present a clear and present financial risk for investors in tobacco.
What tobacco has to do with human dignity and why tobacco impedes human development? How tobacco destroys the environment? These and several other important questions are covered in this report.
ASH (USA): For an Earth Free of Tobacco Waste
ASH: The environmental harm of the tobacco lifecycle
Current Environmental Health Reports: Tobacco Product Waste: An Environmental Approach to Reduce Tobacco Consumption
Portland State University: The environmental impact of tobacco (pdf)
The Tobacco Atlas: Environment
Tobacco Control, research paper: Toxicity of cigarette butts, and their chemical components, to marine and freshwater fish (pdf)
Unfairtobacco: Tobacco – the unsustainable commodity
United Nations Development Program: Tobacco: a threat to our oceans
WHO: The environmental and health impacts of tobacco agriculture, cigarette manufacture and consumption
WHO: Tobacco and its environmental impact: an overview